The Breast reconstruction use new techniques and medical materials allow the Plastic Surgeon to create a breast very similar in shape, texture and characteristics to a breast which may have been removed due to breast cancer or another disease
Excess volume (breast hypertrophy) and weight in the breasts causes physical discomfort such as back and neck pain, skin irritations under the breasts and respiratory problems. Breast hypertrophy (over-sized breasts) can be classified in various degrees:
The first being simply a psychological problem, where there is no physical pain or problems. The woman simply feels her breasts are too big. The second being a situation that presents physical symptoms such as back pain or disorders of the spine. The third and most extreme, which is where the symptoms are most noticeable and the breasts have reached disproportionate size (gigantomastia).
A breast reduction (mammoplasty) provides the woman with smaller, lighter and firmer breasts and with a more proportional shape to the rest of the body, lifting them up into a natural position.
How is Breast reconstruccion is it done?
Breast reduction surgery is performed in an operating theatre, in a clinic or hospital under general anesthetic, the patient is asleep during the operation. The procedure lasts between approximately two to four hours, with different techniques available but most commonly it is performed by incisions around the areola with a vertical line going downwards and another horizontal one in the crease beneath the breast.
Once completed, the excess skin, fat and breast tissue is removed, relocating the areola and the nipple into their new position. The areola maintains normal sensation in the majority of cases, apart from in large reductions in which it is necessary to completely separate the areola and sensation may be lost.
After the surgery, drainage tubes are inserted and a bandage wrapped around the breasts. After the reduction you may feel tired for a few days, but you will be almost back to normal life after two days. The bandages that were put on after the operation are removed after a few days and replaced with a special bra. The stitches are removed after between 7 to 14 days and the bruising disappears between three and six weeks.
Results of the breast reconstruction
In the vast majority of mastectomized patients, breast reconstruction represents an absolute improvement in image. The patient seeing their complete body again restores a psychological balance which in many cases they may have lost, which is why it is worth noting that currently breast reconstruction surgery is one of the most gratifying surgical procedures for patients.
Women who need to undergo a mastectomy should be informed of all the possibilities of reconstruction from when they receive the diagnosis of breast cancer. They should be made aware that in all cases reconstruction of the breast is possible after the tumour has been removed. With the patient having this information when they are diagnosed and choosing to have the reconstruction surgery at the point of amputation, they benefit psychologically by avoiding the contemplation of an amputated breast. However, in some cases, reconstruction can or should be postponed.
More information about breast reconstruction
The quality of life of the patient is greatly improved with a breast reconstruction, providing emotional satisfaction with the restoration of body image, as it creates a natural appearance to the whole breast and to the areola and nipple. This is done by filling the hollow and correcting the deformity of the thorax. This eliminates the need for the use of external prosthesis and enable s the patient to wear swimwear and more revealing clothing.
However, remember that each case and each patient may vary, and therefore this information should be taken purely as a general guide and explanation. It should not be considered a replacement of the detailed information that the surgeon Dr. Ruiz Ruiz will provide during the personal consultation and evaluation with her.